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Coleoptera of Great Smoky Mountains National Park Species Pages

Family Histeridae

            Tribe Histerini

 Hister furtivus LeConte

Description and Taxonomy

Length 5.5-8.0 mm. The genus belongs to the tribe Histerini, which is characterized by the presence of expanded prosternal lobe, free labrum, antennal cavities situated under anterior angles of pronotum, dentate protibiae with straight protarsal furrow, antennal club with annuli not V-shaped, mesosternum without median projection and prosternal base without emargination (Kryzhanovskij & Reichardt 1976, Kovarik & Caterino 2000).  Five-six genera of Histerini are known in N America (Kovarik & Caterino 2000, Bousquet & Lapalante 2006), and three are present in GSMNP. Hister may be diagnosed by the at least slightly emarginate outline of the anterior margin of the mesosternum and lack of a complete innner subhumeral striae on elytra. This striae present in some species, but at most in the apical half of the elytra. Twenty-five described species in the genus occur in N. America, five of which are found in GSMNP. This species may be diagnosed by the large and robust body, lack of subhumeral striae on elytra, incised apex of prosternal lobe (especially prominent in males), densely punctured propygidium and pygidium, and tridentate protibiae.

Life History

The natural history of the species is not well known, in part due to only recent clarification of the taxonomy of this and closely related species (Bousquet & Lapalante 2006). It has been recorded from wide variety of decomposing organic matters: dung, carrion, mushrooms and compost. In GSMNP, it has been collected once at 1515 m elevation.

Distribution

 Widespread in N. America  from British Columbia and Nova Scotia to Arizona and Georgia. It seems to be associated with highlands in the West and South  (Bousquet & Lapalante 2006, Tishechkin, unpublished).

Conservation Concerns

Not under threat.

Locality records in GSMNP.

Acknowledgements

Development of these pages was supported by grants from Discover Life in America and the National Science Foundation (DEB-0516311).

References

Bousquet, Y. and S. Laplante. 2006.  Coleoptera Histeridae. The insects and arachnids of Canada. Part 24. NRC Research press, Ottawa. 485 pp.

Caterino, M. S. 1999. The taxonomy and phylogenetics of the coenosus group of Hister Linnaeus (Coleoptera: Histeridae).  Univ. of California Publications in Entomology 119: 1-75.

Kovarik, P.W. and M. S. Caterino.  2000. Histeridae. Pp. 212-227 in: Arnett, R. H. and M. C. Thomas (eds.) American beetles. Vol. 1. CRC Press, Boca Raton  - London - New York - Washington.

Kryzhanovskij, O. L. and A. N. Reichardt. 1976. Histeroidea. fauna of the USSR. Vol. V (4). Nauka: Moscow - Leneingrad. 433 pp.

 

Posted 13 August 2007, A. K. Tishechkin, Louisiana State Arthropod Museum.

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