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Coleoptera of Great Smoky Mountains National Park Species Pages

Family Histeridae

            Tribe Dendrophilini

 Dendrophilus kiteleyi Bousquet & Laplante

Description and Taxonomy

Length 2.6-3.1 mm. The genus belongs to the tribe Dendrophillini, which is characterized by oval convex densely punctured bodies, expanded tibiae, presence of narrow prosternal lobe with a "lock" for the protibial spur, longer epistoma, long sulcate outer subhumeral stria bordering the entire outer margin of the elytron and short basal piece of the aedeagus (Kryzhanovskij & Reichardt 1976, Kovarik & Caterino 2000, Caterino & Vogler 2002). The tribe is monotypic and only one species of Dendrophilus has been found so far in GSMNP. However, given the range information available discovery in the Park of three more species, one native and two introduced, is plausible.

Life History

In Holarctic temperate forests, species of Dendrophilus are associated with tree holes (Kovarik & Caterino 2000, Bousquet & Laplante 2006). Holes used as nesting places by vertebrates (birds, especially birds of prey, wood rats, bats) or bees seem to be favored, but there are regular collections in empty holes (Bousquet & Laplante 2006, Tishechkin, unpublished). The GSMNP specimens were collected using a Sante canopy trap and by hand in flight in April and May at 635-650 m elevation.

Distribution

 Distribution is poorly documented between widely separated localities. The species was described only in 1999. It is known from central Alberta to southern Quebec and South to south-east Texas, with a few records in the Midwest (Bousquet & Laplante 2006, Tishechkin, unpublished).

Conservation Concerns

Not under threat.

Locality records in GSMNP.

Acknowledgements

Development of these pages was supported by grants from Discover Life in America and the National Science Foundation (DEB-0516311).

References

Bousquet, Y. and S. Laplante. 2006.  Coleoptera Histeridae. The insects and arachnids of Canada. Part 24. NRC Research press, Ottawa. 485 pp.

Caterino, M. S. and A. P. Vogler. 2002. The phylogeny of the Histeroidea (Cleoptera: Staphyliniformia). Cladistics 18: 394-415.

Kovarik, P.W. and M. S. Caterino.  2000. Histeridae. Pp. 212-227 in: Arnett, R. H. and M. C. Thomas (eds.) American beetles. Vol. 1. CRC Press, Boca Raton  - London - New York - Washington.

Kryzhanovskij, O. L. and A. N. Reichardt. 1976. Histeroidea. fauna of the USSR. Vol. V (4). Nauka: Moscow - Leneingrad. 433 pp.

 

 Posted 13 August 2007, A. K. Tishechkin, Louisiana State Arthropod Museum.

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